- Install network point
- Power points
- Lay neutral wire into all terminal or light switch box.
- Master On/Off switch.
|QoS (Quality of Service)||Low||Higher|
|Cellular Technology||Yes (using existing cellular network)||Yes (using existing cellular network)||No|
|For mobile application||No (for static only)||Yes (cellular switching)||No|
|Latency||1.6 to 10 sec||100 to 150ms|
|Devices talk less often||Devices talk less often||Devices talk more often|
|Good if only a few devices is expected to be used in the remote area.||same as NB-IoT||Good if many devices are deployed in area the same area nearby.|
|Brand New method||Light version of LTE.|
Telecom Connectivity Offer
Some of the offer from Mobile Network Operators (MNOs).
- SingTel NB-IoT $1/month (10MB data), https://www.singtel.com/business/products-services/iot/networks/connect
- M1 M2M solution, https://www.m1.com.sg/business/solutions/enterprise-mobility/machine-to-machine-m2m
- StarHub NB-IoT, https://www.starhub.com/business/products-and-services/mobilizing-my-business/starhub-iot/iot-connectivity.html
International Sim Card for NB-IoT connectivity
- iBasis (APN: ibasis.iot), https://ibasis.com/
- Hologram, https://hologram.io/
- SORACOM, https://www.soracom.io/pricing/
- THINGS MOBILE GLOBAL IOT & M2M SIM CARD (going to have NB-IoT)
Evidence suggesting that NB-IoT is a method of using existing Telecom cellular network for IoT devices
- watch between video timing 00:20 to 00:40, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=pf7wcl1IZYc
- paper NB-IoT Network Field Trial: Indoor, Outdoor and Underground Coverage Campaign
Company supplying NB-IoT module
- Nordic nRF9160
- Sequans’ Monarch, Sequans – GM01Q-STMOD
- Digi XBee® 3 Cellular LTE-M/NB-IoT
- ublox SARA-R410M-02B-01,
- QUECTEL, Raspberry Pi NB-IoT Shield
- Telit, https://www.telit.com/m2m-iot-products/mobile-iot/
- (Simple) Dragino NB-IoT Shield-B8 from Seeed Studio, https://sg.rs-online.com/web/p/radio-frequency-development-kits/1845111
- SparkFun LTE CAT M1/NB-IoT Shields – SARA-R4, https://www.mouser.sg/new/sparkfun/sparkfun-lte-cat-m1-nb-iot-shields/
- Low cost NB-IoT module from China, WH-NB71 $12.86, www.mokuai.cn, https://sea.banggood.com/Multi-band-NB-iot-Wireless-Communication-Module-with-Huawei-Chip-WH-NB71-Embedded-p-1474147.html?gmcCountry=SG¤cy=SGD&createTmp=1&utm_source=googleshopping&utm_medium=cpc_bgs&utm_content=lijing&utm_campaign=pla-sg-sea-all-pc-0409&ad_id=430771610769&gclid=EAIaIQobChMIirfiwdrb6AIVBZGPCh2HMQvqEAYYAiABEgJWQfD_BwE&cur_warehouse=CN
- HAT-NBIOT-7000E (SIM7000) USD56.79 from SIMCOM (lots of AT command notes). https://www.waveshare.com/wiki/SIM7000E_NB-IoT_HAT
Other lists of manufacturer brands for NB-IoT modules can be found here,
Wall-mounted cardholder that reads CEPAS card for authenticating user’s identity for the usage of facilities. Using CAN number is a convenient registration of the temporary guest user.
- Office room energy saving.
- Meeting room usage.
- Gym room booking.
- Scheduled lecture hall lessons.
- The authorised user of a facility.
- Hotel card key energy-saving, and electricity control.
- User guest registration.
- Authorised operating of machines or system.
- Read the CAN number of a CEPAS card (Ezlink or NetFlashPay)
- Communication RS485 (other mode is available, RS232, Wiegand)
- Optional board for network communication and power switching through the mechanical or solid state relay.
- Operates from 12V
Wall Mounting Method
This CEPAS card key holder is to be wall-mounted like a typical light switch in Singapore. It can be flush/surface mounted onto the standard 86 x 86mm wall box.
Data logging system design for sensors monitoring and test data recording. PIC-CONTROL can custom design a logging system specifically for your business use.
Sensor Data Logging Features
- Type of Sensor Interface
- Data Log Interface
- Time-stamp of Data Logged
- Power Supply
Type of Sensor Interface
There are many types of sensor connection interface.
- Voltage ranges 0-3.3Vdc, 0-5Vdc, 0-10Vdc
- Current interface 4mA to 20mA (Old standard, but still commonly used)
- Digital communication interface, I2C, SPI, USART, RS232, RS485, Ethernet
- Wheatstone Bridge
Data Log Interface
There are a number of data interfaces to choose from. It depends on your application.
Data collecting using a memory card is suitable for a standalone application where you want to leave the system to do the measurement or monitoring. You can collect the data at a later time, and open the file with your Microsoft Excel or OpenOffice Calc software for manual data analysis. The logged data can be presented with a timestamp for your archive. The amount of data collected will depend on the data being logged, the memory size of the storage and the time frequency of each data sample.
For an application that requires real-time data collection or real-time data analytic, you should consider using Ethernet communication line. Ethernet communication system is also more efficient when you are collecting from a number of sensors deployed to various different location.
- microSD memory card
- USB Thumb Drive
- Cloud Server, Webserver data storage
- Ethernet communication network
- Wireless WiFi, Bluetooth, XBee
- RS232, RS485
Wireless sensors and equipment for monitoring weight. Sensors’ data are being transmitted via the internet for data logging to the cloud server.
Timestamp of Data Logged
Date and time logging is typically necessary for analytic. This is also known as the data timestamp. This is especially useful for fast changing sensor data. Data logged can be archived for future reference.
The recommended method of powering up the data logging system is to use the wall mains 230Vac power supply.
For outdoor data collection, you may like to have your data logging system plugged to your vehicle for power or have it powered up from a battery.
A logger system can have the battery built in. There is a limit to how much power a battery can supply. For longer data collection usage, a large size battery will be needed. It usually means more bulky and heavy. There will be a charging function to charge up the built-in rechargeable battery.
Built case for storing sensitive equipment and dedicated sensors. Neat and protect against wear and tear.
Custom Data Logging System
Email PIC-CONTROL today for your custom sensor data logging system. We are able to design and custom built the system for your business. Custom built set starts from S$2500 and above.
Rain Detection (Alert Notification Process)
- The Rain Sensor that is installed outdoor detects raining.
- The indoor rain signage gets illuminated to indicate that it is currently raining outside.
- An alarm sounds to alert nearby personnel.
- Personnel can push the mute button to acknowledge the alert.
- The alarm can be muted, but the rain signage is still illuminated as long as it is still raining.
- Rain signage will be turned off when the raining activity is stopped for about 2 or 10 mins.
- The buzzer will not sound off again if the rain is stopped for less than 30 minutes.
Optional Features for Rain Detection System
Email Alert Notification
- Email alert notification.
SMS Notification System
- Option SMS alert using online cloud services.
- Cheaper than traditional monthly SMS subscription sim card.
- No need SMS modem or SMS sim card.
- Requires SMS cloud service subscription.
- Requires internet connection.
- Wireless connectivity over 300-500m (in open space).
Rain Detection for Outdoor Premises or Activities
Rain sensor can be used to enhance the safety of outdoor activities. Outdoor play area can be deactivated when rain is detected to discourage children from their playing activities.
Custom Rain Sensor Automated System
The rain sensor system can also be integrated directly with automated awning shade system, automated gate, door or window system.
It can also be used as a sensor to alert or halt outdoor aqua playground system to protect children from dangerous activities when the weather is bad.
Check out this page for more information about this wet weather rain sensor.
Contact PIC-CONTROL for further information on your automated rain sensor control system today.
Thermal Sensor can detect the temperature of a subject without any physical contact. The technical name for the sensor is known as Thermopile Sensor. The sensor is able to detect the temperate of the surface of an area from a distance through the air. This is possible because the sensor is able to pick up the radiated heat in the form of IR (infra-red) from the subject.
Thermal Imaging Sensor is getting more and more popular compared to the vision camera. While the typical vision camera (CCD) picks up colour from the scene, a thermal camera picks up heat image. This helps the system to easily differential objects base on heat rather than colour. The thermal sensor is often used to detect dangerous hot surrounding and also to detect the presence of people. A technical name for Thermal Sensor is known as Thermal Array Sensor.
Thermal Array Sensor is low in resolution compare to the vision colour camera. A high-resolution version (Thermal Imaging Camera) is still quite costly. Thermal array sensor (low resolution) is a more cost-effective sensor and is enough to serve its purpose.
Thermal Array Sensor Available in the Market
D6T-44L-06 (4×4 pixels), D6T-8L-06 (8×1 pixels)
TPA81 (8×1 pixels)
Grid-EYE, Infra-red Array Sensor, AMG88xx (8×8 pixels)
PIC-CONTROL customised the electronic solution for your businesses. For thermal sensing application and inquiry, you can contact our sales engineer or visit our website to learn about our other electronic engineering services.
Dome Automation Control for Astronomy
Astronomy Automated Control for
Customised integrated dome control system with the astronomy software “TheSkyX Pro” from SOFTWARE BISQUE and “Boltwood Cloud Sensor 2” from Diffraction Limited.
Paramount ME Mount II (Equatorial Mount) for the telescope, inside an Observatory Dome Motorised 3.0m Steel Astronomical Dome.
The Paramount ME Mount II is big and filled with many advanced features for astronomy observation.The multiple axis equatorial mount poses a problem when deployed in a small and tight observatory dome. The mounted telescope and its allowed movement are as big as the dome’s space available. The default dome azimuth generated from the SkyXPro software is not aligned with the telescope view.Software Re-mapping of Dome slit opening position to cater for any form of automated telescope system which the scope vision is offset from the centre of the small dome.
Screen capture of the dome’s azimuth mapping file. This mapping file ensures that the dome slit opening is always following the telescope mounted on the Paramount ME Mount II.
Testing and commissioning the dome control system.
Java running at the back end controlling the hardware of the dome automation system.
Junction box for Automated Dome Controller. The controller uses solid state controller (no mechanical wear and tear, no mechanical noise), long operating lifespan.
Boltwood Cloud Sensor 2 weather and rain sensor to ensure that the telescope is protected from the bad weather.
SkyXPro Telescope and Dome control software interface.
Contact PIC-CONTROL today
for your Automation Control System Integration.
Feel free to contact us.
Looking for a rain sensor product to help you detect rain water for your automated system?
There are so many types of rain sensor technologies to choose from. It is important to understand the various rain sensors so that you know which one is the most suitable for your project.
Some rain sensors are cheap, while some are durable and robust against wear and tear. The even higher-end rain sensor can even detect the weather even before it starts raining down water. So which sensor should you go for?
Here, I will be showing you various type of technologies available for detecting rain and where you can buy the sensors.
Singapore is a tropical country near the equator of the earth. We get a lot of sunshine as well as wet rainy day throughout the year. It can be sunny now, and the sky can turn dark the very next moment. Having a sense of the weather from the condition of the current sky can be difficult. Rain sensors can help alert us or automate our system when raining weather is detected.
Rain does bring us cool air, comfortable and relax. It also brings in some inconveniences into our life. We travel out with our umbrella. Closing the window to keep the rain out. Worrying about the clothing that you are drying outside now. Looking across the raining street, watching your neighbour’s clothes soaking wet while you urgently retrieving your clothing into your house. Alerting neighbours who are not even aware of the rain. Rain is a daily affair that we have to be constantly paying attention to.
What we need is a smart system that can help us live with the inconvenience raining situation. A smart system that can detect the rain and alert us to bring in our drying clothes. A smart system that can remind us to close our windows.
We need a rain sensor that can automatically send out a notification to alert us. An automatic weather sensor that can alert the neighbourhood, the rain is coming. We need a smart office/home automation system to improve our lifestyle.
Type of Rain Sensors (Which one to choose?)
Selecting a suitable rain sensor for your automated rain detection system application is important. It is good to learn the range of rain sensors available on the market, and understand their advantages and disadvantages.
There are many methods of rain detection. You can read the following sections to understand more about the advantages and disadvantages of each of the rain detection method.
Our recommendation for outdoor rain detection would be the optical rain sensor. Optical rain sensor has a very fast response, minimum maintenance and has a longer lifespan compare to many other types of rain sensing. If you are looking for a simple and hassle-free way to deploy a rain detector, the optical rain sensor is the best option.
The cheapest sensor will be the resistive rain sensor, but it is also the worst in terms of the overall rain sensor comparison.
For a quick comparison of the detection method, check out the rain sensor comparison table at the end of this page.
These are the types of rain detection technologies that are currently available on the market. We will be going through them in the following sections on this page.
Rain Sensor Technologies
- Optical Rain Sensor (★Best)
- Resistive Rain Sensor
- Capacitive Rain Sensor
- Mechanical Rain Sensor
- Car Optical Rain Sensor
- Sound Rain Sensor
- Weather Sensor, Cloud and Rain Detection
Other Rain Sensor Topics
Optical Rain Sensor
The optical rain sensor is by far the best rain sensor available today. It works by detecting the IR light intensity reflected on the transparent top. When the water gets on the surface, some of the lights gets refracted out. Less light gets reflected internally. The reduced in the intensity detected indicates the presence of water.
The rain detection response from this optical rain sensor is fast. The sensor reacts instantly when rain is detected and takes only a few minutes to deactivate after it is clear of rain water.
A hassle-free solution with little maintenance throughout the year. Dirt on the transparent dome surface will not affect its performance significantly, though it is good to have it clean once in a while.
This optical rain sensor is highly recommended for outdoor rain detection installation. Deploy the sensor and you don’t have much to worry much about. The only disadvantage is the high cost compared to the resistive sensor which cost about a few bucks. But if you compare to maintenance cost, manpower cost and time of maintaining a resistive sensor, this sensor is actually quite worth its value.
Optical Rain Sensor
|Power Supply Input (Voltage):||12 to 30Vdc or 12 to 26Vac|
|Output Relay:||Normally Open/Close (NO, NC), Max load 1A|
|Operating Temperature Range:||from -40 to 60°C|
Visit our product page for further detailed information about this optical rain sensor,
Or click here for the quick-starter guide for this rain sensor.
Available in Singapore.
You can also buy this Optical Rain Sensor from our online store.
1-year warranty for the customer in Singapore.
Resistive Rain Sensor (or Water Sensor)
A resistive rain sensor module is cheap and is a commonly available sensor you can find on the market. The circuit used is often also known as a water detector or a water sensor. It is typically used in detecting rain, detecting water level.
Resistive Rain Sensor from VELUX for automated window
The sensor works base on the resistance of the water. You can visually see the expose copper strips from this sensor. The running copper strip in proximity is exposed on the surface of the PCB board. They look like crossing fingers and basically form two point of contact.
When the sensor is dry, the resistance between both contact is very large (open circuit). When there is water on the surface of the board (touching the expose copper), the water forms a resistive connection across the 2 copper strip. This change in resistance allows the circuit to detect between dry and wet, hence the sensor can detect rain.
This method is cheap and simple. The disadvantage is that the copper in contact with water/air, the copper will get oxidised after a period of time. Performance can change over time (3-12 months depending on the climate condition of your country), therefore it is usually not recommended for industrial deployment use.
In Singapore, such sensor may start to fail in about 3-6 months time, due to our humid weather throughout the year. You just need to maintain the sensor, keeping it clean most of the time, ensuring that it don’t oxidise. If it does, just change to a new sensor board. It is inexpensive sensor anyway.
This rain sensor is easily available from Sim Lim Tower in Singapore.
Check out more other resistive rain sensors here.
Capacitive Rain Sensor
This capacitive has a top plate which detects the change of capacitance when the water is on the plate.
Unlike the resistive rain sensor, it does not have exposed electronic parts.
This capacitive rain sensor (Vaisala DRD11A Rain Detector) is available from Vaisala.
Check out this DRD11A Rain Detector user manual (0.19MB).
Mechanical Rain Sensor
This is a very clever design rain sensor from Rain-Bird that uses the principle of mechanical weight to activate a switch inside as a means to detect rain water. A cost effective and robust way of detecting rain. An angled mounting bracket is available to help you mount the sensor on the wall.
This is how the mechanical rain sensor works. On the top of the sensor cap is some holes which allow the rain water to be collected. Just below the hole inlets are thick board brown-colored rings (like a thick washer) stack on top of one another. Below this stack is a momentary push lever for a mechanical switch.
Normally when there is no rain, these rings are light in weight. The spring from the mechanical switch is strong enough to deactivate the switch. The switch is not activated (in contact), and it simply means that there is no rain water in the sensor.
When it starts to rain, the water will flow down from the hole inlets on top, and pass through the rings. The rain water will get absorb into the ring like a sponge. The stack of rings becomes slightly bigger and heavier in weight. This heavy weight will add pressure to the switch. When enough water gets absorbed and become heavier, the mechanical switch will be trigger, hence indicating that rain is detected. It will take some time to collect enough rain water for the sensor to be triggered. The rainfall setting can be adjusted via a rotating knob just below the top cap. It basically regulates the flow of the rain water flowing through it, hence control the rate of absorption.
When the rain stops, the stacked rings will begin to dry up, and eventually, after some time, the mechanical switch at the bottom of the sensor will have enough force to deactivate itself. This provides a signal for rain stop. This is a reliable method of detecting rain if the speed of detection is not very important. This is because it takes the stack of rings some time to absorb water and trigger the switch, as well as enough time for the ring to dry up and deactivate the switch.
You can buy it directly from the rain bird online store.
Car Optical Rain Sensor
Rain sensor onboard luxury cars. They are designed to be small and is usually fitted behind the car’s front window (usually right behind the car’s rear mirror). The working principle is the same as the optical rain sensor above.
Sound Rain Sensor
This sensor detects the sound of the dropping rain. The rain will hit on the platform which will generate vibration which will be pick up by the sensor.
Weather Sensor, Cloud and Rain Detection
This is an advance environmental sensor which can detect the cloud and sky condition. It can also measure wind speed, temperature, etc… This sensor can detect dark cloud and coming rain. It is commonly used for astronomy observatory, to alert the user if there is any bad weather, or automatically trigger the system to close the dome before the rain damage the precision telescope equipment.
The sensor product is not expensive, but compare to the rest of the rain sensors, it is definitely the most advance and expensive weather sensor. This sensor has been deployed at the roof top of Nanyang Polytechnic in Singapore (School of Electronic/Electrical Engineering), to automate the dome system for the astronomy telescope. When it is about to rain, the rain will alert the computer system which will trigger the dome controller to close the dome. This protects the expensive telescope and computer system from the rain.
The system requires some customisation in order integrate to your own automated system. You can contact PIC-CONTROL if you requires such a weather sensor.
Click here for Weather Sensor User Manual (2MB)
Simple Weather Sensor Station
Comparison between the Rain Sensors
The rain sensor comparison page provides a quick summary of the various types of rain sensors that are discussed on this page.
What We Are Offering
We can custom design rain detection system for your application. You want it wireless, automated, send notification or etc…, they can be done.
Rain sensor helps detect rain, but it does not offer services to notify the neighbourhood.
We are offering a smarter solution that user can subscribe upon for services that can make a positive impact on their lifestyle. A rain problem that becomes easier to manage. Allowing the user to better manage technology and their life.
PIC-CONTROL takes one step further in building up a framework for a smart nation. A smart system that is simple to use and inexpensive cost of ownership through the sharing of resources. A framework that simplified integration for office or home automation control and enables progressive evolution growth.
Check out other types of electronic sensors for your project installation use.
Smart Nation an initiative in Singapore to collectively build a network of sensors and controllable infrastructure to help improve our lifestyle through the use of technologies.
PIC-CONTROL support this initiative, as our belief and vision of smart technologies will mould the world into a more productive place to live in.
We believe in a smart electronic system, and this is what a Smart Nation mean to us.
SMART means You are in Control
Smart means simple to use. Simple enough to make you look smart. Allow you to improve your lifestyle without confusion or frustration. Technology must make you feel that you are in control the way you want it, that is smart.
A smart ecosystem can evolve and grow. Simple interface not only to the end user but also for the developers and integrators, allowing them to collectively contribute their expertise to build up an even smarter system.
Simplicity is smart.
NATION means Sharing Resources
Nation means efficient sharing. Sharing of integrated technologies which can improve our lifestyle. Why do we need so many, when one is enough?
Many technologies can be shared. Weather sensor in our neighbourhood can be shared with residents, to alert us coming rain so that we can close our windows or retrieve in our drying clothes. Transportation traffic notification for drivers or MRT/bus commuter. Sharing of internet connection throughout the island. A typical lifestyle of Singaporean.
Technologies may be expensive and out of reach from average household. Sharing of resources simply allows ownership at a fraction of the cost.
Smart home, smart nation, better lifestyle doesn’t have to be expensive.
SMART NATION improve efficient, reduce cost
A smart nation is about deploying technologies that are simple to use and contribute to improving our daily lifestyle and affair. All these can only be achieved with the right framework. A self-evolving system that is specially designed for making a nation smarter progressively by the day. A system that continuously builds up smartness from what has already been built.
PIC-CONTROL design and develop a framework, that promotes Smart Nation. A framework that is,
- simple to use
- simple to integrate
- cost effective
- promote sharing, open source
- eco-system that promotes growth
- environmental friendly
Most importantly, a productive framework that improves our efficiency and our lifestyle. PIC-CONTROL is committed to building a Smart Nation that truly works.
Let us work together to mould a smarter nation, contact PIC-CONTROL today.